Flies

Fruit flies, cluster flies and house flies.

Distribution and Importance

The house fly is a well-known pest of both farm and home. This species is always found in association with humans or activities of humans. Not only are they a nuisance, but they also can transport disease-causing organisms. Excessive fly populations are obnoxious and a public health problem is possible.

Lifestyle and special aspects:

The common house fly grows to approx. 6 – 9 mm in size; it smells excreted ferments with the feet and has a pronounced sense of smell. It also has so-called “adhesive pads” under the claws so that it can land upside down on the ceiling, for example. The common house fly lives on waste products, giving preference in particular to sugary products. Egg: The white eggs, about 1.2 mm in length, are laid singly but pile up in small masses. Each female fly can lay up to 500 eggs in several batches of about 75 to 150 eggs, each over a three to four day period. The number of eggs produced is a function of female size, which is principally a result of larval nutrition.

A House Fly

A House Fly

Killing adult flies may reduce the infestation, but elimination of breeding areas is necessary for good management. Garbage cans and dumpsters should have tight-fitting lids and be cleaned regularly. Dry garbage and trash should be placed in plastic garbage bags and sealed up. All garbage receptacles should be located as far from building entrances as possible.

Facts you didn’t know about House Flies:

  • Flies are among the fastest of all flying insects.

  • A house fly’s wings beat about 200 times a second.

  • House flies fly at an average speed of 7 + Km/h.

  • There are about 100,000 kinds of flies.

  • Flies are known to spread typhoid, cholera, tuberculosis, and infantile diarrhea as the move between humans and decaying matters where the pathogenic organisms are flourishing.

  • The house fly can complete its life cycle in as little as seven days.

  • Flies would easily spread their infestation up to 2 km from a breeding ground.